Ministry / Departments
The Union Ministry of Science & Technology is instrumental and responsible for
implementation of various programmes on a national scale in the areas of Science
The Ministry has the following three Departments:
1- Department of Science & Technology (DST).
2- Department of Science & Industrial Research
3- Department of Bio-Technology (DBT).
Department of Science & Technology (DST) was established in May 1971, with the objective of promoting new areas of Science & Technology and to play the role of a nodal department for organising, coordinating and promoting S&T activities in the country. The Department has major responsibilities for specific projects and programmes as listed below:
1. Formulation of policies relating to Science and Technology.
2. Matters relating to the Scientific Advisory Committee of the Cabinet (SACC).
3. Promotion of new areas of Science and Technology with special emphasis on emerging areas.
3A. (i) Research and Development through its research institutions or laboratories for development of indigenous technologies concerning bio-fuel production, processing, standardization and applications, in co-ordination with the concerned Ministry or Department;
(ii) Research and Development activities to promote utilization of by-products to development value added chemicals.
5. Coordination and integration of areas of Science & Technology having cross-sectoral linkages in which a number of institutions and departments have interest and capabilities.
6. Undertaking or financially sponsoring scientific and technological surveys, research design and development, where necessary.
7. Support and Grants-in-aid to Scientific Research Institutions, Scientific Associations and Bodies.
8. All matters concerning:
(a) Science and Engineering Research Council;
(b) Technology Development Board and related Acts such as the Research and Development Cess Act,1986 (32 of 1986) and the Technology Development Board Act,1995 (44 of 1995);
(c) National Council for Science and Technology Communication;
(d) National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board;
(e) International Science and Technology Cooperation including appointment of scientific attaches abroad (These functions shall be exercised in close cooperation with the Ministry of External Affairs);
(f) Autonomous Science and Technology Institutions relating to the subject under the Department of Science and Technology including Institute of Astro-physics, and Institute of Geo-magnetism;
(g) Professional Science Academies promoted and funded by Department of Science and Technology;
(h) The Survey of India, and National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation;
(i) National Spatial Data Infrastructure and promotion of G.I.S;
(j) The National Innovation Foundation, Ahmedabad.
9. Matters commonly affecting Scientific and technological departments/organisations/ institutions e.g. financial, personnel, purchase and import policies and practices.
10. Management Information Systems for Science and Technology and coordination thereof.
11. Matters regarding Inter-Agency/Inter-Departmental coordination for evolving science and technology missions.
12. Matters concerning domestic technology particularly the promotion of ventures involving the commercialization of such technology other than those under the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.
13. All other measures needed for the promotion of science and technology and their application to the development and security of the nation.
14. Matters relating to institutional Science and Technology capacity building including setting up of new institutions and institutional infrastructure.
15. Promotion of Science and Technology at the State, District, and Village levels for grass- roots development through State Science and Technology Councils and other mechanisms.
16. Application of Science and Technology for weaker sections, women and other disadvantaged sections of Society.
The Department's mandate includes the following:
1. i) Formulation of policy statements and guidelines
ii) Co-ordination of areas of Science & Technology in which a number of Institutions & Departments have interests and capabilities
2. i) Support to basic and applied research in National Institutions
ii) Support minimum Infrastructural facilities for Testing & Instrumentation
3. Technology Development and Commercialization - Technology Development Board
4. Autonomous Research Institutions
5. Fostering International Cooperation in S&T
6. Socially oriented S&T interventions for rural & weaker sections
7. Support Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Development for promotion of knowledge Based Technology Driven Entrepreneurs
8. Popularisation of Science & Technology
9. Promotion and Development of S&T in States
10. Scientific surveys and services through Survey of India and National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation (NATMO)
11. Management of Information Systems for Science & Technology
Particulars of Organization and Functions
The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) is a part of the Ministry of Science and Technology, which was announced through a Presidential Notification, dated January 4, 1985 (74/2/1/8 Cab.) contained in the 164th Amendment of the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. The Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) has a mandate to carry out the activities relating to indigenous technology promotion, development, utilization and transfer.
Shri Jaipal Sudini Reddy is the Hon' ble Minister in the Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Prof. Samir K Brahmachari is the Secretary of the Department of Scientific & Industrial Research and Director General of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research.
The primary endeavour of DSIR is to promote R&D by the industries, support a larger cross section of small and medium industrial units to develop state-of-the art globally competitive technologies of high commercial potential, catalyze faster commercialization of lab-scale R&D, enhance the share of technology intensive exports in overall exports, strengthen industrial consultancy & technology management capabilities and establish user friendly information network to facilitate scientific and industrial research in the country. It also provides a link between scientific laboratories and industrial establishments for transfer of technologies through National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) and facilitates investment in R&D through Central Electronics Limited (CEL).
The above objectives are sought to be achieved through the following during Tenth Plan:
• Technology Promotion, Development and Utilization (TPDU) Programmes
• Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
• Consultancy Development Centre (CDC)
• National Research Development Corporation (NRDC)
• Central Electronics Limited (CEL)
The scheme Technology Promotion, Development and Utilization (TPDU) Programmes has been formulated by merging following Ninth Plan schemes as per the recommendation of the Planning Commission under zero based budgeting exercise.
• Research & Development by Industry (RDI)
• Programme Aimed at Technological Self-Reliance (PATSER)
• Scheme to Enhance the Efficacy of Transfer of Technology (SEETOT)
Programmes and activities under the scheme are centered around promoting industrial R&D, development and commercialization of technologies, acquisition, management and export of technologies, promotion of consultancy capabilities, etc. The specific components of the scheme are:
• Industrial R&D Promotion Programme
* In-House R&D in Industry
* Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
* Fiscal Incentives for Scientific Research
• Technology Development and Innovation Programme
* Technology Development and Demonstration Programme
* Technopreneur Promotion Programme
• Technology Development and Utilization Programme for Women
• Technology Management Programme
• International Technology Transfer Programme
• Consultancy Promotion Programme
• Technology Information Facilitation Programme
Enabling Indian industry to reach state-of-the-art innovation
excellence and competitiveness through research & technological interventions
* Promotion of Research in Industry & Institutions through Motivational Measures and Incentives;
* Providing Support and Creating an Enabling Environment for Development & Utilization of New & Innovative Technologies.
The setting up of a separate Department of Biotechnology (DBT), under the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1986 gave a new impetus to the development of the field of modern biology and biotechnology in India. In more than a decade of its existence, the department has promoted and accelerated the pace of development of biotechnology in the country. Through several R&D projects, demonstrations and creation of infrastructural facilities a clear visible impact of this field has been seen. The department has made significant achievements in the growth and application of biotechnology in the broad areas of agriculture, health care, animal sciences, environment, and industry.
The impact of the biotechnology related developments in agriculture, health care, environment and industry, has already been visible and the efforts are now culminating into products and processes. More than 5000 research publications, 4000 post-doctoral students, several technologies transferred to industries and patents filed including US patents, can be considered as a modest beginning. Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has been interacting with more than 5,000 scientists per year in order to utilise the existing expertise of the universities and other national laboratories. A very strong peer reviewing and monitoring mechanism has been developed. There has been close interaction with the State Governments particularly through State S & T Councils for developing biotechnology application projects, demonstration of proven technologies, and training of human resource in States and Union Territories. Programmes with the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu & Kashmir, Mizoram, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh have been evolved. Biotechnology Application Centres in Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal have already been started.
A unique feature of the department has been the deep involvement of the scientific community of the country through a number of technical task forces, advisory committees and individual experts in identification, formulation, implementation and monitoring of various programmes and activities.
In India, more than a decade of concerted effort in research and development in identified areas of modern biology and biotechnology have given rich dividends. The proven technologies at the laboratory level have been scaled up and demonstrated in field. Patenting of innovations, technology transfer to industries and close interaction with them have given a new direction to biotechnology research. Initiatives have been taken to promote transgenic research in plants with emphasis on pest and disease resistance, nutritional quality, silk-worm genome analysis, molecular biology of human genetic disorders, brain research, plant genome research, development, validation and commercialisation of diagnostic kits and vaccines for communicable diseases, food biotechnology, biodiversity conservation and bioprospecting, setting up of micropropagation parks and biotechnology based development for SC/ST, rural areas, women and for different States.
Necessary guidelines for transgenic plants, recombinant vaccines and drugs have also been evolved. A strong base of indigenous capabilities has been created. The field of biotechnology both for new innovations and applications would form a major research and commercial endeavor for socio-economic development in the next millennium.
• Promote large scale use of Biotechnology
• Support R&D and manufacturing in Biology
• Responsibility for Autonomous Institutions
• Promote University and Industry Interaction
• Identify and Set up Centres of Excellence for R&D
• Integrated Programme for Human Resource Development
• To serve as Nodal Point for specific International Collaborations
• Establishment of Infrastructure Facilities to support R&D and production
• Evolve Bio Safety Guidelines, manufacture and application of cell based vaccines
• Serve as nodal point for the collection and dissemination of information relating to biotechnology.
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